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Biblical Studies: TURABIAN

Resources for the study of Christianity and Biblical Literature

Turabian Style Manual


 A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago style for students and researchers, by Kate Turabian. Available in Riley Library in the Reference area or at the Circulation Desk on reserve.

Call Number: LB2369.T8

Turabian Formatting Help

Basic format rules for Turabian style papers 

(based on Turabian's A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations, 7th ed)

Try this citation guide for an explanation and comparison of the styles.
For notes and bibliography use numbered footnotes or endnotes in your text, with Bibliography or Works Cited list at the end of the paper, listing alphabetically the sources in your notes.


  • White, 8-1/2 by 11-inch paper
  • One-inch margins (1 1/2 inch on the left if you bind or punch holes)
  • On the title page, centered on the paper, the full title of your paper, the course/class information, your name and date, and any other information that your professor may require; (if writing a dissertation, the full name of the institution needs to be on the title page).
  • Page numbers go in the upper right corner, starting on the first page after the title page with page 2. The title page should not have any page number on it.
  • Double-space throughout except block quotations, which are single spaced and indented four spaces from the left margin.
  • Indent first word of each paragraph 5 spaces (one-half inch) from left margin..
  • Single space the footnotes, endnotes, and the references, with a blank line between entries.


    View  a Sample Paper /  

     Formatting Help from OWL (Purdue Univeristy)

Tools & templates to help you cite sources

The Kate Turabian Manual for Writers is your ultimate authority.  Once you understand what the basic principles are, these templates and tools can help you generate a citation and make sure you include all of the critical pieces and parts. 

Keep in mind that your individual professor may have some specific requirements that will not conform to this style. In that case, follow your professor's instructions and preferences. This is a free online template.  

  1. Select the version of Turabian,
  2. Select the type of source that comes the closest to describing the item you are citing,
  3. Set the radio button to Notes - Bibliography
  4. Complete the template or search by the ISBN number
  5. Note that the results give you what the footnote should look like and also what the citation should be in your bibliography list.  Be sure you choose the one you need for the purpose you intend.  
  6. Highlight the text, copy, and transfer the citation into your Word document but be sure you paste it so that the original formatting is retained (italics, etc.)

Zotero is a free, web-based tool that helps you gather, organize, and cite sources. Contact a librarian or Research Help Desk TA to help you set it up.

    Turabian Basics (7th edition)

The NNU Dept of Religion prefers the footnotes / bibliography form of Turabian style
Here are some examples for some of the most frequently used sources. 

  • Commentary from Ministry Matters

    Author of the volume. Pub Year. title of commentary.
            (accessed Month date, year).

    O'Brien, Julia M. 2004. Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.

  • Book

Lastname, Firstname, Secondnameorinitial. Date. Title of book. Place of
publication: Publisher.

Brasher, Brenda E. 1998. Godly women. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

  • Journal article from print

Lastname, Firstname, Secondnameorinitial. Date. Title of article: Subititle if any.
     Title of Journal volume, issue: pages.

Henck, Karen Cubie. 2010. 'That peculiar voice': Jane Eyre and Mary Bosanquet Fletcher, an
     early Wesleyan female preacher.  Brontë Studies 35, no.1: 7-22.

  • Journal article from database

Lastname, Firstname, Secondnameorinitial. Date. Title of article. Title of Journal
volume, issue: pages. Complete stable URL. Date of Access (accessed
     month, date and year).

Henck, Karen Cubie. "'That Peculiar Voice': Jane Eyre and Mary Bosanquet Fletcher, an
     Early Wesleyan Female Preacher." Brontë Studies 35, no.1 (2010): 7-22.
     9h&AN=48688650&login.asp&site=ehost-live&scope=site  (accessed September 3, 2010)

      note to NNU students: in EBSCO, look on the tools bar for the permalink to use in your citation.  Do NOT use the session URL you see in the browser address bar. .

  • Article from web

Author's Lastname, Firstnameorinitial, Secondnameorinitial. Title of the work.
     Title or owner of the site. URL. Date or range of dates of access.

Wright, N. T. Women’s service in the church: The Biblical basis. St. John's College, (accessed
     September 2-3, 2010).

  •  Bibles
    Bibles are not listed in the bibliography or reference list according to the Turabian manual.  They are only listed in the foot note or the parenthetical citations within the text. See the manual for how to do notes or parenthetical citations.

Still need help?

  • Visit the Center for Academic Success & Advising (CASA)

Sample Turabian Paper